Academic Library System
OPAC            : Online Public Access Catalogue.
E-Consortia   : Sharing of electronic resources.
E-Journals     : Electronic journals.
Consortium : Resource sharing initiative to develop collection by negotiating better discounts from publishers / suppliers for the participating Libraries.
Document : The system enables users to other copies of Delivery Service materials retrieved by online searches, either by direct dispatch of items by the host, or via an agent.
Microfilm : A microphotograph on cellulose film. It may be negative or positive and may be 16 or 35 mm wide and of any length depending on the number of exposures thereon.
Network : A system of physically separate computers with telecommunication links, allowing the resources of each participating machine to be shared by each of the others.
Open Access : A library system where readers are admitted to the shelves.
On-line  : Using the devices and peripherals, which are interacting directly and simultaneously with a computer central processing unit.
Repository   : A book store belonging to one library system, or a number of co-operative library systems prepared to inter-lend the books deposited therein.
Library  : Any body which is responsible for library Authority services. The local  government responsible for the provision of public library services in UK.
Library Board  : The committee responsible for the control of an American library system. It is also known as “Library Trustees”, “Board of Directors”, “Board of Library Trustees” and sometimes as “Library Commission”.
Library Governing Body  : Person or a collective body of persons empowered by law to act on behalf of the library concerned.
Library Committee  : The committee set up for the governance of the library.
Promotional Role  : Activities related to raise the capacity of the library in providing services to its users.
Bibliographic Instruction  : Course-related classroom-based library instruction.
Cognition acquired  : The mental process by which knowledge is through the mind.
Conceptual Instruction system : An integrated system of concepts in a logically closed.
Elasticity of quantum of Demand : Measuring the impact of change in price on the demand.

Hawthorne Study : The effect of making people feel very special by changing their perception.
Independent Study : Cognitive capabilities of user to access library resources and service independently.
Information Need : Are mainly psychological and consist of the processes involving the identification, analysis, and satisfaction at conceptual level.
Library College : The concept of independent study in the context of American undergraduate colleges.
Orientation : Formal orientation of the library to the user through direct and indirect method.
Paradigm : It is defined as a pattern or model.
Personal System of Information (PSI) : Individual user’s profile for modulated and planned
independent study.
Profiling : User profile (individual, group/community) of information needs in conceptual terms.
Reference Interview : That part of the reference process in which the inquirer and the searcher interact to stabilise the enquiry.
Budget : An itemised list of expected income and expenditure for a specific future period.
Cost-Benefit Analysis : Analytical technique involving a momentary assessment of total costs and revenue of a project, paying particular attention to social costs and benefits which do not normally feature conventional costing exercises.
Cost Effectiveness : Analysis of particular expenditure to establish whether the same expenditure could be used more effective or whether the same benefits are attainable with less expenditure.
Endowments : Giving a large amount of money or property for the use and benefit of an organisation.
Pamphlets : A non-periodical publication of at least five but not more than 48 pages, exclusive of the cover pages.
Productivity : Relationship between input and output of an organisation. Input being measured in men, machines, materials and money, and output in products and services.
Standard Cost : A predetermined cost of using some resource (such as labour or materials) in the production of something by the manufacturer.


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