Smart Librarians

Knowledge Hub for Library Professionals in India


Information Retrieval: The process of retrieving information about documents in a database relevant to a query
Keyword : Technically, a significant word / term taken from the text of a document (see also Descriptor)
Proximity Operator : A set of operators to combine search terms that permit the searcher to specify the context in which a search term should occur. Proximity operators allow the searcher to specify whether two search terms should occur adjacent to one another or the maximum number of other words that could be permitted between the search terms
Search Engine : Large databases of web resources along with a search language of their own to support a wide range of search features to search the databases.
Search Language : An artificial language used to construct search statements that can be input to an IRS;
Truncation : A search device that supports searching of records containing any one or more of a number of different terms by merely specifying a string of characters that is common to the different search terms. The common string of characters could be in the beginning (root) or at the end or even in the middle of a word; widely used for words having morphological variations.
Integrated Library System : A library automation system in which data entered in
one module by other modules to avoid data redundancy.
Intranet : A network belonging to an organisation, accessible only by the organisation’s members, employees, or others with appropriate that uses Internet technologies (TCP/IP and others) for connectivity.
 KOHA : An open source library management software available for downloading from Internet at no cost. It uses some companion software and those software are also freeware.
LAN : A network workstations that are linked together within a limited geographical areas. Each node (individual computer) in a LAN has its own CPU with which it executes programs, but it is also able access data and devices anywhere in the LAN. This means that many users can share executive devices, such as printers, as well as data. User can also use LAN to communicate with each other.
Library Automation : Library automation is the mechanization of housekeeping operations and information handling activities mainly by using computer and communication technologies.
Library Housekeeping : A group of basic routine operations related to acquiring, preparing, circulating and preserving the library documents for their maximum use.
Library Management : A software package used for the carrying out the Software functions and services performed by libraries.
OPAC : Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC), as the name suggests, is a catalogue of all the library resources which can be a library accessed onling through a computer network.
SOUL : SOUL stands for Software for University Libraries. It is a library automation software package developed by INFLIBNET (Information and Library network), Ahemdabad.
System Analysis : A powerful technique for the analysis of an organization and its functions.
WAN : A computer network that operates across large distances nationwide or worldwide by utilizing telephone line, microwave and satellite links. It is also used to interconnect LANs.
Authority Record : A collection of information about one name, uniform title, or topical term heading. An authority record can contain the established form of heading, see from references, see also from references, and notes.
FRBR : A conceptual data model for bibliographic database design and management. The model, proposed by IFLA in 1998, is based on entity-analysis techniques.
Integrated Library : An automated library system in which data entered in System: one module by other modules can be to eliminate data redundancy.
ISO-2709 : An international standard for bibliographic information interchange on magnetic tape, developed in 1981. Most of the content designator schemes are based on this standard.
Master Database : A main file of information that acts as the core database. Entries made once in the master file are available for data entry work in related files.
Module : Functions specific to a particular system capability such as the online public access catalog, cataloging, acquisition, serial control, circulation, etc.
Open Source Software : Open source software is typically created and maintained by developers crossing institutional and national boundaries, collaborating by using internet based communications and development tools. The products are usually free or sometimes through a license (GPL).
RFID : RFID stands for Radio Frequency IDentification. RFID system comprises three components: a tag, a reader and an antenna. The tag is paper-thin chip, which stores vital bibliographic data. Reader decodes the information contained in the chip and sends to the server through antenna. This technology is now used extensively by LMSs for patron self-checking function.

Tag 856 : A field in UNIMARC and MARC 21 bibliographic format to accommodate electronic location and access related to a bibliographical item. The field is optional and repeatable.
Third party Software : These are products manufactured or developed by a corporate entity independent from vendor and provided by vendor on a non-exclusive licensing or other distribution agreement with the third party manufacturer.
Unicode : Unicode is a two byte oriented code that can represent a total of 216 characters i,e, 65,536 characters. This standard is designed by Unicode Consortium and offers an ideal solution to deal with multilingual processing work.

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