Smart Librarians

Knowledge Hub for Library Professionals in India


Academic Library System-2
Book Reservoir : A place either within the library or at a predetermined place within a region or country where weeded out documents can be stored or preserved.
CD-ROM : Stands for compact disk/read only memory. A high volume convenient and inexpensive storage disk for computer data. Updating is not possible with this disc.
Censorship : Prohibition of production, distribution and circulation or sale of material considered to be objectionable on grounds of politics, religion, obscenity or blasphemy.
Clientele : Users of the library and its services.
Authority File : Term synonymous with ‘Authority List’. A list of all personal and corporate names of anonymous classic and sacred books, the titles of anonymous books and the headings for series cards, which are used as headings in the catalogue; sometimes references are given to
books in which each name and its variants were found, and in the case of corporate entries, sources, a brief history and particulars as to changes of name. The entries are made when a heading is first decided upon. A list is classified order of classification symbols or numbers which have been allocated to books, with their corresponding index entries (Harrod).
Book Support : A piece of wood or steel placed at the end of a row of books to keep them upright. Also called ‘Book end’.
Cataloguing in Source : Cataloguing books before they are published, the entries being compiled from proof copies made available by the publishers and the work being carried out by a centralised agency so that full cataloguing information is printed in the books concerned.” (Harrod)
Division Library : A collection attached to, and administered by a division or a group of related departments of a university or college, usually with some form of cooperative arrangement with the general library or as a part of the library system.
Faceted Classification : A scheme of classification which reflects in its structure the analysis of subject according to a number of fundamental concepts (In colon classification they are Personality, Matter, Energy, Space and Time). In a faceted classification scheme only simple classes are enumerated and arranged in facets. Composite classes are expressed by synthesised notation.
Principle of Osmosis : When a library switches over to a new scheme of classification or to a new catalogue code the principle of osmosis suggests a smooth change over. According to this Principle new accessions and frequently used present collection should first of all be classified or
catalogued according to the new scheme or new code or both as the case may be. Users should be informed through reference department and the library staff about the existence of two collections in the library. Whenever a book is borrowed on its return it should be recatalogued and reclassified and absorbed in the new collection. The principle was suggested by Ranganathan.
Rare Book : A book of value, which is scarce and not easily available.
Special Collection : A collection of books connected with local history, celebrities, industries etc., or on a certain subject period or gathered for some particular reason, in a library which is general in character.
Conventional Document : A document where the thought content is recorded in a natural language by means of writing, typing printing or by some near-printing process.
Curriculum : All the courses of study in a school, college, university, etc.
Format : i) “The shape and size of a book expressed in terms of the size of the full sheet of paper and the number of times it has been folded to get the leaf of a document”. (Ranganathan).
ii) A statement of height and width of a typical leaf of a document.
Glossary : An alphabetical list of abstruse or technical terms concerned with any specific subject, together with their definitions or elucidations.
Meta Document : An instrument record of natural and social phenomena made directly unmediated by the human mind even before it got transformed into thought and got into human mind.
Micro Facsimile : A copy of an original reproduced in micro size.
Neo-Conventional  Documents: “Standards, specifications, patents, data of properties in natural sciences and their applications, reaction formulae in chemistry, differential clinical data in medicine, and press cuttings of current opinion and news in the field of social sciences (etc) which form a new class of micro documents ... They may be called Neo-conventional Documents”.
Non-Conventional Documents: Micro reproduction of a conventional documents; audio; visual; and audio-visual records.
Sole Agent : A book-supplier who will supply reading materials on all subjects to a library.

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